There is another scientific revolution going on right now. It’s called epigenetics a term to describe anything that influences the development of an organism beyond DNA sequences. Literally, from the Greek, it means “beyond” genetics. Genetics as we all know is the study of our inherited biology, our DNA and how certain gene expressions define who we are physically. How certain genes are turned on or off, and why, without altering our DNA leads to other questions, and the burgeoning field of epigenetics. Having a gene for a particular disease doesn’t mean you necessarily get it. What causes genes to be turned on or off? How do environmental factors for example influence gene expression? In 1986, a scientist by the name of Susumu Ohno published a paper that described music as a repetition of small units similar to our genetic code (Ohno and Ohno, Immunogenetics.1986;24(2):71-8.). His research suggested the idea that biological and cultural evolution, while clearly working at different speeds, share similar mechanisms. The so-called artistic signature, or character that defines an artist such that we can say, oh, that sounds like so and so as soon as we hear the tune or see the painting for Ohno is an expressed repetition that an artist is “forced” to repeat like a genetic code. Big questions arise: Is an artistic creation a representation of the outside physical world arising from the interaction of genetic history and environment? Artists often speak of being compelled to write, to create art. Is art therefore something truly in our genes, something that emerges from our genetic past experience over millions of years? Does our behavior, even the most quixotic, like music and art have a “genetic” and therefore specific neural pathway? Wow! This is like merging Newton’s mathematical calculus with Darwin’s evolutionary theories and Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle of quantum theory. Have a nice day!